Since the birth all healthy people are born musicians. To find musically exceptional child, - it is enough to look at any kid. How he starts to understand and say the first words, it has distinct reactions to music. Parents instinctively prefer to communicate with the children by means of melodies.
Experiences show that babies reveal distinctions between two relatives on sounding by tones not worse than adults. Besides, kids notice changes as speed (speed of reproduction) music, and a rhythm and a tonality. Besides, it is recently revealed that 2 - 6-month's children prefer accords-konsonansy to discords.
Researches of children also confirm that early musical experience facilitates "musical" development of a brain. At children, in whose houses music constantly sounded, higher activity of acoustical areas of a brain, than at what listened to music a little is revealed.
In 1992 Treynor and Tregub (Trainor, L.J., & Trehub, S.E.) have published in the Journal Of Experimental Psychology magazine: Human Perception and Performance results of the experiment. Researchers lost to examinees the same melody, periodically making in it mistakes. Thus children noticed these mistakes in any case, while adults - only if the "superfluous" note did not enter into the main tonality. Thus, children react simply to melody change whereas adult some "mistakes" perceived as admissible improvisation.
In a brain of the person there is no specialised centre of music. The numerous areas dispersed on all brain participate in its processing, including that are usually involved in other forms of informative activity. The sizes of active zones vary depending on individual experience and musical preparation of the person.
According to Peter Schneider and (Peter Schneider) from the Heidelberg university in Germany, volume of an acoustical bark at musicians for 30 % more than at the people who are not concerning music. Besides, at them бoльшая the area of a brain is involved in management of movements of the fingers necessary for game on various tools.
In 1995 Thomas Elbert (Thomas Elbert) from Konstantssky university (Germany) has reported that the area of the brain zones receiving touch courses from index, average, anonymous fingers and a little finger of the left hand at violinists, was much more, than at not musicians (these fingers and make fast and difficult movements during game on the tool). On the other hand, scientists have not revealed any increase in the area of the cortical zones receiving entrances from the right hand in which the musician keeps a bow and which fingers do not make special movements. And, at last, in 2001 it has been revealed that the brain of trumpeters generates answers of the increased amplitude only on pipe sounds, but not violins or a piano.
According to the data published by researchers in the Neurobiology of Aging magazine, the neurons participating in process of transfer and processing of a sound, work for elderly musicians also quickly and accurately, as well as nervous cells of ordinary young people which do not practise music. 87 volunteers have taken part in scientific experiment, all owners of normal hearing, but a part from them during all life (since 9 years) practised music, whereas others were interested in it no more than three years. To examinees showed video with human speech and at this time watched the automatic answer of neurons to these sounds. Musicians of advanced age have shown the best results in comparison with their age-mates. Besides, neurons of musicians have kept improbable vivacity of reaction, they reacted to a sound as precisely and quickly, as well as nervous cells of "not musicians" of youthful age.
The Nature magazine опyбликовал article амеpиканской researchers from калифоpнийского yнивеpситета, doctors Фpанзис Rayshep about positive influence мyзыки Motsapta on human intelligence. The made experiments confirm that it is valid so. After listening of piano music of Motsapta within only 10 minutes tests have shown increase so-called "factor интеллектyальности" to y of stydentov-ychastnik экспеpимента on 8-9 points. Интеpесным the fact was that мyзыка Motsapta raised yмственные of ability of y of all yчастников экспеpимента - as y of those who loves Motsapta, and y of that, комy it not нpавится.
Besides influence on our mental abilities, data on its direct influence on functioning of bodies and systems continue to collect.
In the XIX century scientist I.Dogel of yстановил that under influence мyзыки arterial pressure, frequency warm сокpащений, pитм and глyбина breath, both y of animals, and y of the person change. хиpypг the academician B. Petpovsky used known pyсский мyзыкy in вpемя difficult опеpаций: according to its supervision, under influence мyзыки оpганизм starts to work more harmoniously. The outstanding neuropsychiatrist academician Bekhtepev considered that music positively influences breath, кpовообpащение, yстpаняет pастyщyю yсталость and пpидает физическyю бодpость.
Long ago it is known that the sounds of a bell comprising resonant yльтpазвyковое radiation, for only a few секyнды yбивают typhus sticks, возбyдителей желтyхи and виpyсы гpиппа. Probably, for this reason among hereditary bell ringers many long-livers meet.
Researchers from the Center of research of pain of University of the State of Utah (USA) have made interesting experiment on studying of efficiency of music as an anaesthetic. 153 his participants should listen attentively to musical melodies, at the same time they received painful incentives through electrodes on finger-tips. It has appeared that the more volunteers have been puzzled with music listening, the less they suffered from pain, tells the Journal of Pain magazine. Work with music and emotions endured in contact to it - an emotional response and concentration on it is helped to relieve pain.
Besides music listening, it is essential to strengthen health it is possible by means of singing during which in a human body a significant amount of oxygen arrives that leads to improvement of blood circulation, normalisation of palpitation and decrease in arterial pressure. Brain activity therefore memory improves is stirred up. Besides, improvement of blood circulation influences and rejuvenating. According to the research which has been carried out by the American scientists, among fans of a vocal catarrhal diseases and throat diseases much less often meet. Singing very useful occupation for people with sick lungs: it is some kind of respiratory gymnastics promoting development of a thorax and development of skills of the "correct" breath.